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Shedding Light on the Vibrational Signatures in Halogen‐Bonded Graphitic Carbon Nitride Building Blocks

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

The vibrational frequencies of g-C3N4-based XB donor-acceptor complexes are decoupled through local mode analyses. The C≡C stretch is more reliable than the C−X stretch when detecting XB formation and assessing XB properties. The local force constants are well connected to the magnitude of the isolated donor σ-hole. Computed intrinsic bond strength orders reveal XBs as the driving force and HBs as a supporting factor behind complexation.


The relative contributions of halogen and hydrogen bonding to the interaction between graphitic carbon nitride monomers and halogen bond (XB) donors containing C−X and C≡C bonds were evaluated using computational vibrational spectroscopy. Conventional probes into select vibrational stretching frequencies can often lead to disconnected results. To elucidate this behavior, local mode analyses were performed on the XB donors and complexes identified previously at the M06-2X/aVDZ-PP level of theory. Due to coupling between low and high energy C−X vibrations, the C≡C stretch is deemed a better candidate when analyzing XB complex properties or detecting XB formation. The local force constants support this conclusion, as the C≡C values correlate much better with the σ-hole magnitude than their C−X counterparts. The intermolecular local stretching force constants were also assessed, and it was found that attractive forces other than halogen bonding play a supporting role in complex formation.

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