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Redox‐Regulated Conformational Change of Disulfide‐Rich Assembling Peptides

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

Disulfide bond formation is a common mechanism for regulating conformational changes in proteins during oxidative folding. Despite extensive studies of the use of multiple disulfide bonds to constrain peptide conformation, few studies have explored their usage in developing self-assembling peptides. Herein, we report that a thiol-rich peptide could fold into an amphiphilic β-hairpin conformation through the formation of two hetero-disulfide bonds upon oxidation, subsequently self-assembling into a mechanically rigid hydrogel. Breaking disulfide bonds under reductive condition, the hydrogel exhibited a transition from hydrogel to solution. Molecular simulation revealed that intermolecular interaction between two tryptophan residues was indispensable for hydrogelation. This work is the first case of the use of multiple disulfide bonds to control conformational change and self-assembly, and provides a cell-compatible hydrogel material for potential biomedical application.

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