Durable and formaldehyde-free flame-retardant cellulose has been a challenge over many decades for researchers worldwide. It is now possible to overcome these challenges by forming a phosphorus-based physical network inside the cellulose matrix.
The development of protective textiles for emergency workers as well as technical, security, and military personnel that can reduce exposure to biological, chemical, and fire threats is becoming more important in modern society.1) Increased use of polymeric materials in every aspect of human life has led to a rise in fire incidents, which in turn has resulted in catastrophic wildfires, civilian deaths, injuries, and property damage. Therefore, novel multifunctional materials that can help minimise these threats need to be developed.
Flame-retardant cellulose is commonly used in protective clothing, drapery, upholstery, composites, and other technical applications. Commercially, cellulose textiles are made flame-retardant by special formaldehyde-based finishing treatments.2) They may be durable to 50 washing cycles, but formaldehyde, being a carcinogen, requires manufacturing technologies that are heavi
Industrie + Technik