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Regulated Ion/Electron‐Conducting Interphase Enables Stable Zinc‐Metal Anodes for Aqueous Zinc‐Ions Batteries

Metallic Zinc (Zn) is considered as a remarkably promising anode for aqueous Zn-ion batteries due to its high volumetric capacity and low redox potential. Unfortunately, dendritic growth and severe side reactions destabilizes the electrode/electrolyte interface, and ultimately reduce the electrochemical performance. Here, an artificial protective layer (APL) with a regulated ion and electron-conducting interphase is constructed on the Zn-metal anode to provide excellent interfacial stability in high-rate cycling. The superior ionic and moderate electronic conductivity of the APL derives from the co-embedding of MXene and Zn(CF3SO3)2 salts into the polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel, which enables a synergistic effect of local current density reduction during plating and ion transport acceleration during stripping for Zn anode. Furthermore, the high Young’s modulus of the protective layer and dendrite-free deposition morphology during cycling suppresses hydrogen evolution reactions (2.5 mmol h−1 cm−2) and passivation. As a result, in symmetrical cell tests, the modified battery presents a stable life of over 2000 cycles at ultra-high current density of 20 mA cm−2. This research presents a new insight into the formation and regulation of stable electrode–electrolyte interface for the Zn-metal anode.

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