We designed and prepared a trifluoromethylation reagent, N-trifluoromethylsuccinimide (NTFS), and use it for the trifluoromethylation of aromatic amines without metal. This protocol exhibits broad substrate scope and wide functional group ...
Improving the Coke Resistance of Ni‐Ceria Catalysts for Partial Oxidation of Methane to Syngas: Experimental and Computational Study
Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt
A combined experimental and computational study to improve the stability of Ni/CeO2 catalysts is reported. Ni/CeO2 and noble metal doped Ni−M/CeO2 catalysts were compared on the basis of their activity, selectivity, and stability for CPOM reaction. Noble metal-doped Ni/CeO2 catalysts showed higher coke resistance ability compared to the undoped Ni/CeO2 catalyst.
The synthesis of syngas (H2 : CO=2) via catalytic partial oxidation of methane (CPOM) is studied over noble metal doped Ni−CeO2 bimetallic catalysts for CPOM reaction. The catalysts were synthesized via a controlled deposition approach and were characterized using XRD, BET-surface area analysis, H2-TPR, TEM, Raman and TGA analysis. The catalysts were experimentally and computationally studied for their activity, selectivity, and long-term stability. Although the pure 5Ni/CeO2 catalyst showed high initial activity (∼90%) of CH4 conversion, it rapidly deactivates around 20% of its initial activity within 140 hours of TOS. Doping of Ni/CeO2 catalyst with noble metal was found to be coke resistant with the best-performing Ni−Pt/CeO2 catalyst showed ∼95% methane conversion with >90% selectivity at a temperature of 800 °C, having exceptional stability for about 300 hours of time-on-stream (TOS). DFT studies were performed to calculate the activation barrier for the C−H activation of methane over the Ni, Ni3Pt, Ni3Pd, and Ni3Ru (111) surfaces showed nearly equal activation energy over all the studied surfaces. DFT studies showed high coke formation tendency of the pure Ni (111) having a very small C−C coupling activation barrier (14.2 kJ/mol). In contrast, the Ni3Pt, Ni3Pd, and Ni3Ru (111) surfaces show appreciably higher C−C coupling activation barrier (∼70 kJ/mol) and hence are more resistant against coke formation as observed in the experiments. The combined experimental and DFT study showed Ni−Pt/CeO2 as a promising CPOM catalyst for producing syngas with high conversion, selectivity and long-term stability suited for future industrial applications.Zum Volltext
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