Our study describes a systematic evaluation of structure-activity-relationships and structure-property-relationships for VHL ligand designs. With a particular focus on exit vector analysis, we used our gained knowledge to design a small li...
Histidinal‐Based Potent Antimalarial Agents
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Several analogs of a novel class of histidinal-based antimalarial agents were synthesised. Among them, compounds 8 g, 8 h, and 15 exhibited superior antimalarial activity. Docking studies revealed that these antimalarial agents strongly interact with their binding sites. In phenotypic assays, it was found that compound 8 g inhibited hemoglobin degradation in the parasite food vacuole.
Herein we report the synthesis and evaluation of peptide-histidinal conjugated drug scaffolds, which have the potential to target the hemoglobin-degrading proteases falcipain-2/3 from the human malaria parasite. Scaffolds with various substitutions were tested for antimalarial activity, and compounds 8 g, 8 h, and 15 exhibited EC50 values of ∼0.018 μM, ∼0.069 μM, and ∼0.02 μM, respectively. Structure-based docking studies on falcipain-2/3 proteases (PDB:2GHU and PDB:3BWK) revealed that compounds 8 g, 8 h, and 15 interact strongly with binding sites of falcipain-2/3 in a substrate-like manner. In silico ADME studies revealed that the molecules of interest showed no or minimal violations of drug-likeness parameters. Further, phenotypic assays revealed that compound 8 g and its biotinylated version inhibit hemoglobin degradation in the parasite food vacuole. The identification of falcipain-2/3 targeting potent inhibitors of the malaria parasite can serve as a starting point for the development of lead compounds as future antimalarial drug candidates.Zum Volltext
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