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Fluorinated solid‐electrolyte interphase derived from fluorinated polymer electrolyte to stabilize Li metal

Unstable interface between highly reductive Li metal and a conventional liquid electrolyte leads to uncontrollable Li dendrites and Li pulverization, thus limiting the practical applications of Li metal batteries with high energy density. Herein, a fluorinated quasi-solid polymer electrolyte is synthesized to stabilize Li metal via the C-F/LiF enriched SEI derived from the fluorinated polymer skeleton. Benefiting from the homogenized ion plating/stripping process guided by lithiophilic C-F and rapid Li+ transportation assisted by LiF, Li dendrites and Li pulverization are suppressed. As a result, the Li||Li symmetrical cell with the fluorinated quasi-solid polymer electrolyte remains stable over 1400 h at a current density of 0.3 mA cm-2. LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2||Li battery delivers a long-term cycling performance, where the capacity retains 87.77% of its initial state after 300 cycles at 0.5 C in the voltage range from 2.8 to 4.4 V.

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