The first examples of visible-light-mediated, photocatalyst-free sulfonylation of indolizines are developed thanks to an electron donor–acceptor complex approach. The formation of two new C−S bonds, without further pre-functionnalization, in meta...
Fluorinated Analogues to the Pentuloses of the Pentose Phosphate Pathway
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Fluorinated carbohydrates are valuable tools for enzymological studies due to their increased metabolic stability compared to their non-fluorinated analogues. Replacing different hydroxyl groups within the same monosaccharide by fluorine allows to influence a wide range of sugar-receptor interactions and enzymatic transformations. In the past, this principle was frequently used to study the metabolism of highly abundant carbohydrates, while the metabolic fate of rare sugars is still poorly studied. Rare sugars, however, are key intermediates of many metabolic routes, such as the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). Here we present the design and purely chemical synthesis of a set of three deoxyfluorinated analogues of the rare sugars d-xylulose and d-ribulose: 1-deoxy-1-fluoro-d-ribulose (1DFRu), 3-deoxy-3-fluoro-d-ribulose (3DFRu) and 3-deoxy-3-fluoro-d-xylulose (3DFXu). Together with a designed set of potential late-stage radio-fluorination precursors, they have the potential to become useful tools for studies on the complex equilibria of the non-oxidative PPP.Zum Volltext
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