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Enhanced Carrier Diffusion Enables Efficient Back‐Contact Perovskite Photovoltaics

Back-contact architectures offer a promising route to improve record efficiencies of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by eliminating parasitic light absorption. However, the performance of back-contact PSCs is limited by inadequate carrier diffusion in perovskite. Here, we report that perovskite films with a preferred out-of-plane orientation show improved carrier dynamic properties. With the addition of guanidine thiocyanate, the films exhibit carrier lifetimes and mobilities increased by 3 - 5 times, leading to diffusion lengths exceeding 7 mm. The enhanced carrier diffusion results from substantial suppression of nonradiative recombination and improves charge collection. Devices using such films achieve reproducible efficiencies reaching 11.2%, among the best performances for back-contact PSCs. Our findings demonstrate the impact of carrier dynamics on back-contact PSCs and provide the basis for a new route to high-performance back-contact perovskite optoelectronic devices at low cost.

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