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Enantioselective Rhodium‐Catalyzed Pauson‐Khand Reactions of 1,6‐Chloroenynes with 1,1‐Disubstituted Olefins

An enantioselective rhodium(I)-catalyzed Pauson-Khand reaction (PKR) using 1,6-chloroenynes that contain challenging 1,1-disubstituted olefins is described. In contrast to the previous studies with these types of substrates, which is only suitable for a single type of tether and alkyne substituent, the new approach results in a more expansive substrate scope, including carbon and heteroatom tethers with polar and non-polar substituents on the alkene. DFT calculations provide critical insight into the role of the halide, which pre-polarizes the alkyne to lower the barrier for the metallacycle formation and provides the proper steric profile to promote a favorable enantiodetermining interaction between substrate and chiral diphosphine ligand. Hence, the chloroalkyne enables the efficient and enantioselective PKR with 1,6-enynes that contain challenging 1,1-disubstituted olefins, which represents a new paradigm for enantioselective reactions involving 1,6-enynes.

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