This review summarizes the application of palladium catalysts in electrocatalytic hydrodechlorination for the removal of chlorinated organic pollutants. Some strategies for modulating palladium to enhance activity are discussed and future developments in the field are outlined.
This review summarizes the research progress of palladium (Pd) catalysts in electrocatalytic hydrodechlorination (ECH) for the removal of chlorinated organic pollutants (COPs). ECH technology is a new type of green water treatment technology without secondary pollution, which has excellent removal effect on COPs. Pd is widely used in the field of ECH due to its excellent catalytic properties. However, the easy deactivation and high price of Pd have limited the application of Pd catalysts in practical wastewater treatment. Researchers have improved the performance of Pd catalysts for ECH by improving the morphological structure (dispersion, particle size, crystalline surface) and electronic states (electron-rich Pd, electron-deficient Pd). It is also found that modulation of the adsorption abilities of Pd catalysts can greatly improve the catalytic activity. The factors affecting the stability of Pd catalysts are also investigated, and the future large-scale mature application of ECH technology is envisioned. The ability to prepare single-atom Pd catalysts in a relatively simple way is a future direction, which will achieve 100 % atom utilization and thus significantly reduce the cost of Pd. This review details the frontier research on Pd catalysts in the field of ECH, which can provide some good strategies for related researchers.Zum Volltext