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Development of Carbon Nanotube/Graphene‐ Based Alginate Interpenetrating Hydrogels for Removal of Antibiotic Pollutants

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

The extensive use of pharmaceutical antibiotics in treatment of human and animal infections has resulted in growing concerns about antibiotic pollution worldwide. In this work a novel interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogel has been developed to function as an effective and non-selective adsorbent for various antibiotic pollutants in aqueous solution. This IPN hydrogel is made of multiple active components, including carbon nanotube (CNTs), graphene oxide (GO), and urea-modified sodium alginate (SA). It can be readily prepared through efficient carbodiimide-mediated amide coupling reaction followed by calcium chloride-induced alginate cross-linking. The structural properties, swellability, and thermal stability of this hydrogel have been investigated, while its adsorption properties towards an important antibiotic pollutant, tetracycline, was thoroughly characterized based on adsorption kinetic and isotherm analyses. With a BET surface area of 38.7 m2/g, the IPN hydrogel shows an excellent adsorption capacity of 84.28 ± 4.2 mg/g towards tetracycline in water, while the adsorption capacity is decreased by only 18% after four cycles of use, demonstrating very good reusability. Adsorptive performance in removing two other antibiotics, neomycin and erythromycin, has also been examined and compared. Overall, our studies disclose that this newly designed hybrid hydrogel is an effective and reusable adsorbent material for treating antibiotic pollution in the environment.

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