Regiodivergent benzoylation of 2-methoxynaphthalene with benzoyl fluoride is presented using either Friedel–Crafts-type chemistry to give selectively the 1-isomer or cooperative NHC/photoredox catalysis to afford the 4-isomer exclusively. Along w...
Cluster Light‐Emitting Diodes Containing Copper Iodine Cube with 100 % Exciton Utilization Using Host‐Cluster Synergy
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Cluster light-emitting diode (CLED) with a record external quantum efficiency of 29.4 % was demonstrated. Its emissive layer consisted of redox-active Cu4I4 cluster and thermally activated delayed fluorescence host, which complementarily provided internal and external reverse intersystem crossing channels for 100 % triplet conversion, 100-fold increased singlet radiation rate constant and tenfold decreased triplet non-radiation rate constant.
Clusters combine the advantages of organic molecules and inorganic nanomaterials, which are promising alternatives for optoelectronic applications. Nonetheless, recently emerged cluster light-emitting diodes require further excited state optimization of cluster emitters, especially to reduce population of the cluster-centered triplet quenching state (3CC). Here we report that redox-active ligands enhance reverse intersystem crossing (RISC) of Cu4I4 cluster for triplet-to-singlet conversion, and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) host can provide an external RISC channel. It indicates that the complementarity between TADF host and cluster in RISC transitions gives rise to 100 % triplet conversion efficiency and complete singlet exciton convergence, rendering 100-fold increased singlet radiation rate constant and tenfold decreased triplet non-radiation rate constant. We achieve a photoluminescence quantum yield of 99 % and a record external quantum efficiency of 29.4 %.Zum Volltext
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