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Autocatalytic Green Synthesis of Imines in Traceless Medium

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

For the first time condensations of amines with carbonyl compounds have been performed in supercritical carbon dioxide (sc-CO2). The reactions with aldehydes or active ketones proceed at moderate temperatures (35-55 °C) without use of external catalysts. The process is autocatalytic: it is accelerated by the carbonic acid generated in situ by interaction between the released water and the CO2 medium. The imine products were obtained in high yields in a crystalline form and did not require further purification. The one-pot transfer hydrogenation and [4+2] cycloaddition reactions performed in the CO2 medium have uncovered attractive prospects for facile green synthesis of more complex and valuable compounds from the generated in situ imine products.

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