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Urea Production on Metal‐Free Dual Silicon Doped C9N4 Nanosheet Under Ambient Conditions by Electrocatalysis: A First Principles Study

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

The development of cheap, eco-friendly electrocatalysts for urea synthesis which avoids the traditional nitrogen reduction to form ammonia, is very important to meet our growing demand for urea. Herein, based on density functional theory, we propose a novel electrocatalyst (dual Si doped C 9 N 4 nanosheet) composed of totally environmentally benign non-metal earth abundant elements, which is able to adsorb N 2 and CO 2 together. Reduction of CO 2 to CO happens, which is then inserted into activated N-N bond, and it produces *N(CO)N intermediate, which is the crucial step for urea formation. Eventually following several proton coupled electron transfer processes, urea is formed under ambient conditions. The limiting potential value for urea formation is found to be lower than that of NH 3 formation and HER (hydrogen evolution reactions). Moreover, the faradaic efficiency of our proposed catalyst system is 100% for urea formation, which suggests greater selectivity of urea formation over other competitive reactions.

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