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Uniform Longitudinal Zinc Growth beyond Interface Guided by Anionic Covalent Organic Framework for Dendrite‐Free Aqueous Zinc Batteries

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

Guided longitudinal zinc growth: To enhance the stability and electrochemical properties of the Zn anode, a multi-functional artificial interface of the anodic covalent organic framework (COF) is fabricated to guide the uniform longitudinal Zn growth, and avoid dendrites and alkaline zincate formations. The Zn-I2 full battery with the newly developed Zn anode exhibits a long cycling life of over 10000 cycles.


Aqueous zinc (Zn) batteries hold considerable promise to address safety problems that frequently occur in electric vehicle cells or energy storage applications. However, Zn metal anode suffers seriously from dendrite, corrosion, and interface water decomposition in aqueous electrolytes, especially under large areal capacity or long charging duration. This is mainly because of the uneven longitudinal Zn growth induced by the anisotropic Zn2+ diffusion, which is usually neglected in a laboratory study with low areal capacity. Herein, we report an artificial interface of the anodic covalent organic framework (COF, which can be rapidly synthesized and facilely assembled with Zn anode in a large area) to guide the uniform longitudinal Zn growth for dendrite-free Zn batteries. In-situ optical microscope observes that compared with the bare Zn anode, COF interface can promote the formation of the smooth and dendrite-free surface through spatial-triggered uniform longitudinal Zn growth. Theoretical calculation uncovers that anodic COF with a negative charge at its N sites could attract Zn2+ to achieve uniform longitudinal Zn2+ diffusion. In addition, this COF interface with superior hydrophobicity could suppress water decomposition and Zn corrosion. Consequently, the COF-functionalized Zn anode realizes a high coulombic efficiency under severe Zn plating/stripping conditions (10 mAh cm−2), contributing to a long Zn-I2 full battery life of over 10000 cycles. This work highlights the high-areal-capacity Zn anode protection in external space beyond the interface.

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