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Ultrawide Hydrazine Concentration Monitoring Sensor Comprising Ir−Ni Nanoparticles Decorated with Multi‐Walled Carbon Nanotubes in On‐Site Alkaline Fuel Cell Operation

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

On-site monitoring: An ultrawide amperometric sensing platform featuring Ir−Ni-multi-walled carbon nanotubes co-deposited on a screen-printed carbon electrode for hydrazine in an alkaline environment is developed, demonstrating excellent sensitivity, storage stability, repeatability, reproducibility, and selectivity in addition to its successful application to real-time monitoring of hydrazine concentrations at the anode and cathode of a hydrazine fuel cell during operation.


Abstract

A highly sensitive amperometric hydrazine monitoring sensor offering an ultrawide dynamic range of 5 μM to 1 M in alkaline media (e. g., 1 M KOH) was developed via co-electrodepositing iridium-nickel alloy nanoparticles (NPs) functionalized with multi-walled carbon nanotubes (Ir−Ni−MWCNTs) on a disposable screen-printed carbon electrode. The synergistic interaction of MWCNTs with Ir−Ni alloy NPs resulted in enlarged active surface area, rapid electron transfer, and alkaline media stability with an onset potential of −0.12 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) toward hydrazine oxidation. A limit of detection for hydrazine was 0.81 μM with guaranteed reproducibility, repeatability, and storage stability alongside a superb selectivity toward ethanolamine, urea, dopamine, NaBH4, NH4OH, NaNO2, and Na2CO3. The sensor was finally applied to on-site monitoring of the carbon-free hydrazine concentration at the anode and cathode of a hydrazine fuel cell, providing more insight into the hydrazine oxidation process during cell operation.

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