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Tailoring Electronic Structure of Copper Twin Boundaries Toward Highly Efficient Nitrogen Reduction Reaction

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

Jumping the barrier: The d orbitals on the twin boundary edge induce unbalanced electron occupation states in π*–p x , p y orbital of the adsorbed N2 and effectively activate the N≡N bond, which overcomes one of the main barriers in electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction.


Abstract

Electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) is a promising technique to resolve the carbon emission in energy-intensive ammonia production in industry, which, however, is hampered by the lack of efficient catalysts. Herein, by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, it was demonstrated that the twin boundary (TB) of copper could effectively relieve the N2 activation barrier in NRR. The d orbitals overlapping mode on twin boundary edge (TBE) was quite different from that on its basal plane, where the d xz , d yz orbitals induced unbalanced electron occupation states in π*–p x , p y orbitals of the adsorbed N2, which could effectively activate the N≡N bond. Particularly, doping transition metals (TMs) onto Cu-TBE could further improve its NRR catalytic behavior, and the Re−Cu(111)-TBE showed the lowest limiting potential (U L) of −0.27 V among 25 considered TMs. Moreover, the Re−Cu(111)-TBE could effectively suppress the competing hydrogen evolution reaction even under working potentials. This work has provided a deep understanding of TB in catalysis from an electronic structure point of view, paving a way for further studies of TB into advanced utilization.

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