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Synthesis and Vasorelaxant Activity of Nitrate‐Coumarin Derivatives

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Due to the need for new chemical entities for cardiovascular diseases, we have synthesized a new series of nitrate-coumarins and evaluated their vasorelaxant activity in contraction-relaxation studies using rat aorta rings precontracted with noradrenaline or by depolarization with a high concentration of potassium chloride. Four of the new compounds were able to relax smooth vascular muscle with a similar profile and potency to glyceryl trinitrate (IC50 = 12.73 nM) and sodium nitroprusside (IC50 = 4.32 nM). Coumarin-7-yl-methyl nitrate (4), the best compound within the series, was able to relax smooth vascular muscle in the low nanomolar range (IC50 = 1.92 nM). The mechanisms of action have been explored, being the activation of sGC and the opening of K+ channels involved. Our studies indicate that the new nitrate derivatives are reversible and not deleterious for aortic rings, suggesting that these compounds have a potential interest for the development of new and highly efficient vasodilator drugs.

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