Switchable polymerization is a practical strategy to produce polymers with biodegradable blocks. However, the relationship between parameters such as block order, length and dispersity and the properties of biodegradable materials needs to be further explored. Advances in various novel catalytic systems and theoretical research provide the possibility for the further promotion of switchable polymerization to produce biodegradable block polymers.
With the global demand for sustainable development, there has been an increasing interest in using natural biomass as raw resources to produce sustainable polymers as an alternative to petroleum-based polymers. Because monocomponent biodegradable polymers are often insufficient in performance, copolymers with well-engineered block structures are synthesized to reach wide tunability. Switchable polymerization is such a practical strategy to produce biodegradable block copolymers with diverse performance. This review focus on the performance of block copolymers bearing biodegradable polymer segments produced by diverse switchable polymerization. We highlight two main segments that are critical for biodegradable block copolymers, i. e., polyester and polycarbonate, summarize the multiple characters of materials from switchable polymerization such as antibacterial, shape memory, adhesives, etc. The state-of-the-art research on biodegradable block copolymers, as well as an outlook on the preparation and application of novel materials, are presented.Zum Volltext