Free of binder: A thick freestanding electrode coupled by sodium and waste lignin converted carbon without any binder and additives has been fabricated, demonstrating a specific area capacitance of 19.7 F cm−2 at a current density of 1 mA cm−2, which is the highest among to date reported freestanding lignin carbon electrodes with similar thickness.
Lignin is a waste product in the paper industry and lignocellulosic biorefineries, in addition to being the second most abundant renewable biopolymer on Earth. Valorization of useless lignin into high value-added advanced materials not only helps address the environmentally detrimental biowaste but also satisfies the societal need for energy. While lignin has been converted into porous carbon, made into slurry, and pasted onto metal forms as an electrode for lithium-ion batteries and supercapacitors, there remains issues with how to scale up the process while achieving great area and mass capacitances in the fabricated lignin-carbon electrodes. In this work, a thick freestanding electrode coupled by lignin carbon and sodium without any binder and additives was fabricated demonstrating a specific area capacitance of 19.7 F cm−2 at a current density of 1 mA cm−2, which is the highest among to date reported freestanding lignin carbon electrodes with similar thickness. This excellent electrochemical performance originates from high electro-positivity and oxygen content promoted by the sodium. This work brings a new strategy towards lignin utilization and energy storage through coupling lignin carbon and alkali metals.Zum Volltext