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Processing Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Waste into Functional Carbon Materials by Mechanochemical Extrusion

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

With the plastic pollution becoming worse, the upcycling of plastic waste into functional materials is a great challenge. Herein, a mechanochemical extrusion approach is developed for processing poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) waste into porous carbon materials. The essence of the cyclic extrusion approach lies in the solvent-free mixing of thermoplastic PET with pore-directing additive (e.g., silica or Zinc chloride) at the molecular level. PET waste could be upcycled into functional carbon with high surface areas (up to 1001 m 2 g -1 ), specific shapes, and preferred mechanical strength, after cyclic extrusion and carbonization. Moreover, metal species can be well dispersed onto porous carbons through solvent-free extrusion, which is different from traditional loading methods (impregnation method, deposition-precipitation method). In this manner, mechanochemical extrusion provides an alternative for upcycling plastic waste into value-added materials.

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