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Palladium‐Catalyzed Cascade Reaction in Water to Imidazo[1,2a]pyridazines as Switchable DSEgens, AIEgens, and ACQgens

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Dual-state emission (DSE) luminophores exhibit strong emissions in both solution and solid states, filling the gaps between aggregation-induced emissions (AIE) and aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ). However, limited design concepts and complicated synthetic strategies restrict the discovery of novel DSE molecules. Developing efficient and green methodologies to access novel DSE scaffolds via rational design remains highly desirable. In this work, we report a water-promoted Pd-catalyzed cascade reaction for the synthesis of multi-substituted imidazo[1,2- a ]pyridazine derivatives with DSE properties. The intramolecular interactions of the neighboring benzene rings restrict molecular motion, leading to emissions in the solid state(quantum yield: 11%), and the newly constructed core structure of imidazo[1,2- a ]pyridazine ensures considerable planarity, allowing for emissions in solution. Further removal of the neighboring phenyl groups resulted in ACQgens, while additional methyl groups led to AIEgens. Subsequent live cell imaging investigations suggested that the novel DSEgens could serve as specific lipid droplet (LD) probes in a wide concentration range.

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