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Multi‐Resonance Building‐Block‐Based Electroluminescent Material: Lengthening Emission Maximum and Shortening Delayed Fluorescence Lifetime

Multi-resonance thermally activated delayed fluorescence (MR-TADF) materials are considered a class of organic materials with exceptional electronic and optical properties, which make them promising for the applications in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this study, we improved, synthesized, and characterized a multiple-resonance type emitter based on the assembly of MR-building blocks (MR-BBs). By optimizing the geometric arrangement of MR-BBs, we were able to generate narrowband emission in the longer wavelength region and shorten the delayed excited-state lifetime, resulting in improved emission efficiency compared to the parent molecule. Our proof-of-concept molecule, m-DBCz, exhibited narrowband yellowish-green TADF emission with a full width at half-maximum of 32 nm and a small singlet−triplet energy gap of 0.04 eV. The OLED developed using m-DBCz as the emitter demonstrated electroluminescence at 548 nm and achieved a high external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 34.9%. Further optimization of the device resulted in a high external quantum efficiency of 36.3% and extremely low efficiency roll-off, with EQE values of 30.1% and 27.7% obtained even at high luminance levels of 50000 and 100000 cd m−2. These results demonstrate the full potential of MR-TADF materials for applications on ultrahigh-luminance OLEDs.

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