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Manipulation of Organic Afterglow in Fluoranthene‐Containing Dopant‐Matrix Systems: From Conventional Room‐Temperature Phosphorescence to Efficient Red TADF‐Type Organic Afterglow

It remains challenging to fabricate highly-efficient and long-lived organic afterglow materials, especially in the case of red afterglow systems. Here we develop advanced charge transfer (CT) technology to boost afterglow efficiency and lifetimes in fluoranthene-containing dopant-matrix systems. First, organic CT molecules possess singlet-triplet splitting energy (ΔEST) of around 0.5 eV, much smaller than localized excitation systems. Second, upon doping into suitable organic matrices, dipole-dipole interactions between 1CT states and organic matrices reduce 1CT levels with less effect on 3CT levels, and thus further narrow ΔEST and enhance intersystem crossing. Third, the rigid planar structure of fluoranthene groups and the rigid microenvironment provided by organic matrices can suppress phosphorescence quenching. Forth, the multiple donor design enables spectral red-shifts to red region and switches on TADF mechanism to improve afterglow efficiency to 13.1% and maintain afterglow lifetime of 0.1 s. Such high-performance afterglow materials have been rarely explored in reported studies.

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