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Highly active La(III)‐based metal‐organic framework as a heterogeneous Lewis acid catalyst for Friedel‐Crafts alkylation

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In this study, a novel La(III)-based two-dimensional (2-D) metal-organic framework, [La 2/3 (qptca) 1/2 ] (referred to as SLX-2), from LaCl 3 and 1,1':4',1'':4'',1''':4''',1''''-quinquephenyl]-2,2'',2'''',5''-tetracarboxylic acid (H 4 qptca) was synthesized by conventional solvothermal method and thoroughly characterized using X-ray single crystal diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetric analyses. The 2-D SLX-2 features a unique lanthanum center exposed to the skeleton and then was used as an efficient Lewis acid catalyst for the Friedel-Crafts alkylation of indole and pyrrole with β-nitrostyrene along with a wide substrate scope, giving the desired products in good to high yields under the optimal reaction conditions. Furthermore, the catalyst was used for twenty cycles, with nearly no effect on its activity, and the reaction was heterogeneous in nature. Moreover, compared to the previous hydrogen-bond-donating MOF catalysts for such alkylation reactions, SLX-2 showed an excellent stability toward harsh acidic and basic environment, and gave comparable catalytic activities.

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