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Geometrical and Electronic Structure of Cation Radical Species of Tetraarylanthraquinodimethane: An Intermediate for Unique Electrochromic Behavior

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

Two tetraarylanthraquinodimethane (Ar 4 AQD) derivatives having two different aryl groups (aminophenyl and methoxyphenyl) were prepared by sequential dibromomethylation and Suzuki-coupling reactions. X-ray analyses showed that they adopt a folded structure in the neutral state whereas the corresponding dications have a planar anthracene ring, to which diarylmethylium units are perpendicularly attached. Different from Ar 4 AQD having the same substituents that undergoes facile two-electron transfer during interconversion with the dicationic state, the intermediary cation radical becomes long-lived in the newly prepared unsymmetric derivatives. The electronic and geometric structures of the open-shell intermediates were elucidated through electrochemical and theoretical investigation, with revealing that the cation radicals adopt the twisted geometry like dications. Upon electrolyses of the dications, the twisted cation radicals were involved in the electrochromism whereas their steady-state concentration is negligible in the oxidation process, thus realizing unique tricolor electrochromic behavior with a hysteretic pattern of color change (colorless -> purple -> blue -> colorless).

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