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Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of an Azaoxyallyl Cation‐Templated Intramolecular Aryl Amination Leading to Oxindole Derivatives

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

A detailed investigation on the reactivity of α-arylated azaoxyallyl cation undergoing intramolecular nucleophilic aryl-amination under catalyst-free conditions is presented. Azaoxyallyl cation-guided ortho-activation of the adjacent aromatic ring is central to this process aided by HFIP. This reaction manifold offers broad access to oxindole derivatives.


Herein, development and detailed investigation of a SN′-type intramolecular aromatic substitution reaction involving α-arylazaoxyallyl cation intermediate, is disclosed. The study showcased that while α-aryl-α-chlorohydroxamate could be activated by a combination of base and 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-propanol (HFIP) into the corresponding azaoxyallyl cations, it could further emerge into a π-extended species involving the adjacent α-aryl moiety, and this transition is contingent on electronic effects of the aromatic ring as well as on α-substituents. An effective activation of the α-aromatic ring could pave the path for intramolecular Ar(Csp 2)-N bond formation towards oxindoles. Control experiments and DFT calculations suggested that a non-pericyclic nucleophilic amination pathway is most likely operative and precluded the possibility of concerted or electrophilic amination mechanism. HFIP as the reaction solvent plays pivotal roles in the transformation.

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