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Engineering Covalent Organic Frameworks as Heterogeneous Photocatalysts for Organic Transformations

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are an emerging category of organic polymers with highly porous crystalline structures. In the last decade, reports on the use of COFs as heterogeneous photocatalysts for organic transformations show very significant progress. Still, comprehensive reviews on the mechanisms of the photocatalytic organic transformations using COFs are lacking. This review provides a comprehensive and systematic overview of COF-based photocatalysts for organic transformations. Firstly, we discussed the photophysical properties and the characterization methods of COF-based photocatalysts. Then, the general photocatalytic mechanism, the advantages, and the strategies to improve the photocatalytic efficiency of COF-based photocatalysts are summarized. After that, advanced examples of COF-based photocatalysts for organic transformation are analyzed with regard to the underlying mechanisms. The review ends with a critical perspective on the challenges and prospects.

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