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Duplex Polymerization Strategy for General, Programmable and High‐Resolution Nanopore Detection

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

Nanopore sensing is highly promising in single molecular analysis but their broad applications have been challenged by the limited strategies that can transduce a target-of-interest into a specific and anti-false/inference signal, especially for solid-state nanopores with relatively lower resolution and higher noise. Here we report a high-resolution signal-production concept named target-induced duplex polymerization strategy (DPS). Through linking the same or different duplex substrates (DSs) with a special linker (L) and an optional structure tag (ST), the DPS can generate target-specific DS polymers with highly controllable duration times, duration intervals and even distinguished secondary tagging currents. Experimentally, DPS mono-polymerization of single DS and co-polymerization of multiple DSs has verified the duration time of a DPS product is the sum of those for each DS monomer. Tetrahedron-DNA structures with different sizes are used as the STs to provide needle-like secondary peaks for further resolution enhancement and multiplex assay. With these examples DPS represents a general, programmable and advanced strategy that may simultaneously provide size-amplification, concentration amplification, and signal-specificity for molecular recognition. It is also promisingly in various applications regarding to single molecular investigation, such as polymerization degree, structure/side chain conformation, programmable multiplex decoding and information index.

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