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Double‐σ‐Bonded Close‐Shell Dimers and Peroxy‐Linked Open‐Shell Dimer Derived from a C3 Symmetric Trioxophenalenyl Neutral Diradical

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Tri-tert-butyl-1,4,7-trioxophenalenyl neutral diradical undergoes a σ-dimerization, generating two types of σ-dimers immediately after the preparation. One of the σ-dimers is a close-shell dimer linked through double-σ-bonds, and the other one is a peroxy-linked open-shell dimer. These σ-dimers are in equilibrium in the solution state by the reversible σ-bond formation/cleavage via the neutral diradical as a key intermediate.


Abstract

A novel neutral diradical of π-extended phenalenyl derivative having three oxo-groups, tri-tert-butyl-1,4,7-trioxophenalenyl, and two types of the corresponding σ-dimers were investigated. Quantum chemical calculations showed that the neutral diradical is in triplet ground state having doubly degenerate singly occupied molecular orbitals. The neutral diradical undergoes a σ-dimerization, generating two types of σ-dimers immediately after the preparation. One of the σ-dimers, which was selectively generated in the crystalline state, was a close-shell dimer linked through double-σ-bonds on the phenalenyl skeleton with a long C−C bond length of 1.66 Å. The other σ-dimer, which existed only in the solution state, was a peroxy-linked open-shell dimer in which one σ-bond was formed between two oxygen atoms. Furthermore, the temperature-dependent 1H NMR and ESR spectra revealed that these σ-dimers are in equilibrium in the solution state by the reversible σ-bond formation/cleavage via the neutral diradical as a key intermediate.

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