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Cobalt/Salox‐Catalyzed Enantioselective Dehydrogenative C−H Alkoxylation and Amination

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An unprecedented enantioselective dehydrogenative C−H alkoxylation and amination is reported. The use of cheap and readily available cobalt(II) salts as catalysts and Saloxs as chiral ligands provides an efficient method to access P-stereogenic compounds in excellent enantioselectivities (up to >99 % ee).


Abstract

The past decade has witnessed a rapid progress in asymmetric C−H activation. However, the enantioselective C−H alkoxylation and amination with alcohols and free amines remains elusive. Herein, we disclose the first enantioselective dehydrogenative C−H alkoxylation and amination enabled by a simple cobalt/salicyloxazoline (Salox) catalysis. The use of cheap and readily available cobalt(II) salts as catalysts and Saloxs as chiral ligands provides an efficient method to access P-stereogenic compounds in excellent enantioselectivities (up to >99 % ee). The practicality of this protocol is demonstrated by gram-scale preparation and further derivatizations of the resulting P-stereogenic phosphinamides, which offering a flexible asymmetric alternative to access P-stereogenic mono- and diphosphine chiral ligands. Preliminary mechanistic studies on the enantioselective C−H alkoxylation reaction suggest that a cobalt(III/IV/II) catalytic cycle might be involved.

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