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An Indium Synthetic Etioporphyrin for Organic Electronics: Aggregation and Photoconductivity in Thin Films

Von Wiley-VCH zur Verfügung gestellt

InCl-EtioP-I was synthesized and comprehensively characterized both analytically and theoretically. Thin films of InCl-EtioP−I were obtained by thermal evaporation in vacuum and their photoelectrical parameters were estimated. A very high photo-to-dark current ratio of ∼106 was detected in simple single-layer devices. Single crystal X-ray analysis reveals a unique molecule packing resulting in a 2D double layered structure.


A new complex of indium(III)chloride with etioporphyrin-I was synthesized and characterized. As with naturally occurring extraligated etioporphyrins, the InCl-EtioP−I spectrum in solution has a very strong B-band and a more than an order of magnitude weaker Q-band, but this difference diminishes in solid films of InCl-EtioP−I obtained by thermal evaporation in vacuum. In a solid, molecules have a tight convex-convex arrangement in a 2D double layered structure with interplane distance of 3.066 Å. The conductivity of films can easily be activated by the action of temperature or light. In the cells with symmetrical lateral contacts the photocurrent exceeds the dark current by about three orders of magnitude, with the contribution of photons in the Q-band range being greater than expected from the experimental or calculated absorption spectrum. The Q-bands contribute significantly to the photovoltaic effect in the ITO/InCl-EtioP−I/Al sandwich cells. Such cells show an untypically strong signal in the photodiode regime, which yields the spectral detectivity of 10^12 Jones.

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